Proving the Business Case for the Internet of Things

White House launches national EV initiative

William Payne
November 9, 2016

President Obama driving an electric vehicle in grounds of the White House

The White House and the US Department of Transportation (DOT) have announced the establishment of 48 national electric vehicle charging corridors on US highways. These designated electric vehicle routes cover nearly 25,000 miles, in 35 states. In addition, 28 states, utilities, vehicle manufactures, and change organisations have committed to accelerate the deployment of electric vehicle charging infrastructure on the DOT’s designated electric vehicle corridors.

According to a White House press statement, these new commitments will account for over 2,500 new electric vehicles in 2017 alone, and help pave a path for a sustained level of purchases into the future. The US Government says that the cumulative benefit of the commitments include more than one million dollars and 1,211,650 gallons in potential annual fuel savings.

24 state and local governments have committed to partner with the Administration and increase the procurement of electric vehicles in their fleets.

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting two studies to evaluate optimal national electric vehicle charging deployment scenarios, including along DOT’s designated fuelling corridors.

55 Interstates will serve as the basis for a national network of “alternative fuel” corridors spanning 35 states plus the District of Columbia.

To make it easier for drivers to identify and locate charging stations, states designated as “sign-ready” have been authorised to use signs developed by the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) that identify electric vehicle charging stations and other alternative fuels along the highways similar to existing signage that alerts drivers to gas stations, food, and lodging. Drivers can expect either existing or planned charging stations within every 50 miles.

In addition, 38 new businesses, non-profits, universities, and utilities have signed on to DOE’s Workplace Charging Challenge and committing to provide EV charging access for their workforce.

The 28 principal organisations, utilities and vehicle manufacturers that have committed to accelerate electric vehicle deployment comprise: Ameren Missouri; Berkshire Hathaway Energy; BMW; ChargePoint; Connecticut Green Bank; Edison Electric Institute; Electric Drive Transportation Association; EV Connect; Eversource Energy; EVgo; General Electric; General Motors; Greenlots; Kansas City Power & Light; MidAmerican Energy Company; New York State; Nissan; NV Energy; Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E); Pacific Power; PlugShare; Portland General Electric; Public Service Company of New Mexico; Rocky Mountain Power; Skychargers; Southern California Edison; Texas-New Mexico Power; Vision Ridge Partners.

Early next year, DOE plans to publish two studies developed with national laboratories and with input from a range of stakeholders to support broad EV charging infrastructure deployment, including along DOT’s alternative fuel corridors.  The first is a national EV infrastructure analysis that identifies the optimal number of charging stations for different EV market penetration scenarios. The second will provide best practices for EV fast charging installation, including system specifications as well as siting, power availability, and capital and maintenance cost considerations.

Among the US states taking part in the EV initiative, California has committed to increasing the number of non-public safety light duty ZEVs to 50 percent by 2025. To reach that goal, the state will target yearly step increases of 5 percent (beginning in fiscal year 2017/2018), over its current 10 percent purchasing commitment.

For 2017, the State of California commits to purchase a minimum of 150 ZEVs for its fleet, bringing the total to over 600 ZEVs in the state fleet.

California commits to providing electric vehicle charging at a minimum of 5 percent of state owned parking spaces by 2020.

Minnesota has developed a fleet action plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that involves transitioning the state’s predominately internal combustion engine light fleet to a fleet integrating hybrid electric vehicles; plug-in electric hybrid vehicles; and zero emission vehicles. This plan will decrease petroleum consumption by 25 percent and result in a decrease in GHG emissions of 21 percent. Cost savings for fuel and maintenance is expected to be $2.5 million annually. 

Montana’s State Energy Office has committed to swapping out two hybrid vehicles for two plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in 2017. These vehicles will be the first plug-in electric vehicles in Montana’s state fleet and will help Montana better understand how electric vehicles can be incorporated into the fleet as well as the charging infrastructure necessary to support these vehicles. Montana commits to reaching out to local governments and universities about opportunities for electrification from the VW settlement allocation.

Rhode Island commits to purchasing 25 percent of new light-duty state vehicles as electric by 2025.

Vermont commits to convert 50 percent of its state motor pool to plug-in electric vehicles by the end of 2017 which far exceeds the previous level of 38 percent. Vermont is also committing to purchase 10 percent of the total State’s centralised light duty fleet, including agency and department assigned vehicles, as plug-in electric by the end of 2017 which far exceeds the 7 percent accomplished this year. And to install one dedicated charging port for each of these vehicles at the locations where they are parked and assigned to employees for state trips.

Washington is committed to reducing carbon pollution from the transportation sector and deployment of electric vehicles is a critical element of the governor’s climate strategy.  Last December, Governor Inslee announced a new Washington State Electric Fleets Initiative to accelerate adoption of electric vehicles in public and private fleets. This initiative will ensure that at least 20 percent of all new annual state passenger vehicle purchases are EVs, beginning in 2017.

In 2017, Washington State’s cabinet agencies commit to purchasing 250 EVs and installing 125 new level 2 charging stations.

Among US cities taking part in the EV initiative, the City of Atlanta has committed to further reducing GHG emissions 40 percent by 2030 through the continued addition of zero emission vehicles and electric infrastructure. Atlanta  encouraging public adoption of electric vehicles and is installing charging stations in 100 dedicated EV parking spaces at the Hartsfield Jackson Atlanta International Airport by the end of 2016. 

Atlanta is committing to convert 20 percent of its municipal fleet to electric vehicles by 2020 through commitments to: construct an additional 300 charging stations at Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport by the end of 2017; spend $3,000 dollars per electric vehicle for infrastructure installation through December 2018; conduct an education campaign for City employees about efficient usage of electric vehicles and charging stations; 

Columbus, Ohio's commitments under the programme include fleet electrification, electric vehicle charging infrastructure, smart lighting and traffic signals, self-driving technology, connected vehicles, transportation apps and other initiatives to modernise Columbus’ transportation system.  Columbus commits to: procure 200 electric vehicles for its fleets and install the appropriate charging infrastructure over the next three years: add 1,600 new Level 1 and 300 new Level 2 charging stations in the region; add 448 electric vehicles to city’s private fleets.

In 2017, the City of Fort Collins commits to purchase seven new electric vehicles, some of which will replace standard gasoline engine vehicles.
Fort Collins will continue to provide an electric charging station for each electric vehicle in the fleet in 2017.

The City of Denver commits to procure and operationalise 200 Plug-in Electric Vehicles and required infrastructure by 2020.

The City of Detroit is committed to modernising its overall fleet through the use of cleaner transportation technologies.  This commitment is reflected in part by new efforts to increase the percentage of city service vehicles that are electric, develop new charging infrastructure, and join the U.S. Department of Energy’s Workplace Charging Challenge.  These activities are in-line with the City's broader sustainable transportation efforts. 

Detroit commits to: purchase 10 percent of service vehicles as plug-in electric in 2017; set an annual goal of 10 percent of light-duty replacement vehicles purchased be plug-in electric; use Low Speed Electric Vehicles for transit police and safety and security staff.

The City of Los Angeles commits to procure 50 percent of all new light duty vehicles as battery electric vehicles by 2017 and 80 percent of municipal-fleet procurements as BEVs by 2025.

LA commits to nearly triple the city’s current plug-in electric fleet from 165 BEVs and 38 PHEVs to over 400 BEVs and 155 PHEVs by the end of 2017. Of those 352, 200 will be for the LA Police Department.

LA will spend $22.5 million dollars on electric vehicle charging stations by June 2018, which includes making 500 additional public electric vehicle charging stations available throughout the city by the end of 2017, for a total of 1,500; LA will launch an EV car share for disadvantaged communities by 2017; LA will electrify 10 percent of the Los Angeles Department of Transportation bus fleet by 2017; LA will test 20 near-zero emission natural gas tractors at the LA Port and plan for five zero emission plug-in battery yard tractors at the LA Port container terminal.

The City of New York commits to invest in at least autonomous 30 solar power carports for charging of City EV fleet citywide and will also provide some public access as part of this initiative and implement over 200 Stealth alternative power units and batteries in City ambulances that will reduce idling and enable these units to charge up through land based EV chargers.

The City of Pittsburgh commits to purchase 6 new electric vehicles annually for the next three years. The charging infrastructure for these vehicles will service the public during the day and charge Pittsburgh’s fleet vehicles at night.

The City of Portland, Oregon commits to increasing the percentage of its electric and plug-in electric hybrid sedan fleet from 20 percent to 30 percent by 2020.

The City of San Francisco operates a fleet of 5,200 vehicles. The city commits to purchase a minimum of 10 percent of new Fleet vehicles annually as electric vehicles. San Francisco will continue working with the Pacific Coast Collaborative and West Cost Electric Fleets Initiative to pool resources to lower procurement costs. 

The City of Seattle has committed to purchase 100 EVs through 2017, to achieve 40 percent electrification of its current light duty fleet; purchase 250 EVs by 2020, with a target of 400 EVs by 2023 to achieve 100 percent of light duty fleet; install 200 electric vehicle charging stations for fleet vehicles in 2017/2018, 300 electric vehicle charging stations by 2020 and 400 electric vehicle charging stations by 2023; work with Original Equipment Manufacturers to participate in fleet demonstrations of EV technology in medium and heavy duty vehicles over the next five years; sign on to the U.S. DOE Workplace Charging Challenge and write a new workplace charging policy in 2017.

Among US municipalities, Arlington County, Virginia is committed to a 76 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from all sources, including transportation, by 2050. To that end, Arlington County commits to ensuring five percent of vehicle-miles traveled by County fleet sedans be in electric vehicles by 2020.

Boulder County commits to replace 5 sedans with electric vehicles and 9 sports utility vehicles (SUVs) with hybrid SUVs by 2020; offer aggregated purchase programs for EVs to residents and employees in 2017 and 2018 for volume discounts; install 4 electric charging stations by 2020; support workplace charging, and continuing to offer our employees, residents and businesses education, incentives and advising on EVs and sustainable transportation.

Monterey County commits to installing 2 new electric vehicle charging stations.

County of Sacramento’s Municipal Utility District (SMUD) has committed to: by year-end 2017, expand electric and plug-in electric vehicle fleet to 27 sedans, 21 trouble trucks with electrified buckets and 16 electric lift trucks; given product availability, by 2020, have a fleet comprised of 45 BEV/PHEV sedans, 7 PHEV SUVs, 30 PHEV pickup trucks, 16 pickup trucks with zero RPM idle reduction technology, 50 trouble trucks with electrified buckets, 4 cable pullers and 26 lift trucks; by the end of 2017, add 15 Level 2 electric vehicle charging stations and 45 Level 1; increase workplace charging participation from 32 to 60 by the end of 2017; increase workplace charging participation from 110 by the end of 2020.

San Mateo County has committed to purchase 10 new electric vehicles (approximately 15 percent of non-specialized vehicle purchases); install a minimum of two new electric vehicle charging stations. In future years, the county anticipates to further green its fleet by either maintaining or accelerating the commitments outlined for 2017.

Sonoma County in California has committed to: purchase 20 new electric vehicles for the County fleet by the end of 2017 and 6 new electric vehicles by the end of 2019; install 23 new Fleet-use only electric vehicle charging ports by 2018 and 12 public electric vehicle charging ports spanning 3 different sites by 2018.

Ulster County, New York, has committed to reducing GHG emissions from County government operations 25 percent by 2025. In order to reach this goal, Ulster is electrifying their fleet while simultaneously supporting the deployment of electric vehicles throughout the region. After 2020, Ulster commits to purchase 20 percent of new fleet vehicles on an annual basis as alternative fuel or green vehicles. Toward their effort of implementing this policy, Ulster County has deployed 4 PHEV sedans and ordered 4 additional PHEVs in 2016. The county commits to purchase an additional 10 PHEVs and 1 BEV in 2017. Ulster County has been a partner in the U.S. DOE Workplace Charging Challenge since 2015 and offers free workplace charging to 97% of its employees. The County commits to continuing to support tourists and its employees and install an additional six electric vehicle charging stations in 2017.