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Solar cell that works in the dark could help smart grid projects

Steve Rogerson
July 14, 2015
 
A University of Texas at Arlington materials science and engineering team has developed an energy cell that can store large-scale solar energy even when it’s dark. This opens the way for solar energy to play a larger role in smart grid projects.
 
The innovation is an advancement over the most common solar energy systems that rely on using sunlight immediately as a power source. Those systems are hindered by not being able to use that solar energy at night or when cloudy conditions exist.
 
The UT Arlington team developed an all-vanadium photo-electrochemical flow cell that allows for efficient and large-scale solar energy storage even at night time. The team is now working on a larger prototype.
 
“This research has a chance to rewrite how we store and use solar power,” said Fuqiang Liu, an assistant professor who led the research team. “As renewable energy becomes more prevalent, the ability to store solar energy and use it as a renewable alternative provides a sustainable solution to the problem of energy shortage. It also can effectively harness the inexhaustible energy from the sun.”
 
The work is a product of the 2013 National Science Foundation $400,000 Faculty Early Career Development grant awarded to Liu to improve the way solar energy is captured, stored and transmitted for use. Other members of the team included lead author Dong Liu, who recently defended his UT Arlington PhD dissertation in 2015, and Zi Wei, a UT Arlington doctoral candidate.
 
The research is detailed in the American Chemical Society journal ACS Catalysis.
 
Khosrow Behbehani, dean of the College of Engineering, said the ground-breaking research has the potential to positively impact on the way we generate and consume energy.
 
“Dr Liu and his colleagues are working to help us shape a more sustainable future and are taking innovative steps to improve our ability to harness and use one of the larger sources of energy available to us – the sun,” Behbehani said.
 
Liu said a major drawback of current solar technology is the limitation on storing energy under dark conditions.
 
“We have demonstrated simultaneously reversible storage of both solar energy and electrons in the cell,” Liu said. “Release of the stored electrons under dark conditions continues solar energy storage, thus allowing for unintermittent storage around the clock.”
 
Wei said the research should allow solar energy storage to be done in a much higher capacity and on a much larger scale.
 
“Using an all-vanadium photo-electrochemical cell gives our energy storage an edge over other systems,” Wei said. “This cell allows us to attain higher storage capacity in a smaller unit. ”
 
The University of Texas at Arlington is a research institution of more than 50,600 students in campus-based and online degree programmes and is the second largest institution in the University of Texas system.