Proving the Business Case for the Internet of Things

Honeywell helping Iraq oil refinery automate control

Steve Rogerson
November 17, 2015
Honeywell will provide process technology and advanced automation controls to Iraq’s Karbala refinery, now under construction in Karbala Province, about 120km south of Baghdad.
The grassroots refinery will use refining processes from Honeywell UOP and automation controls from Honeywell Process Solutions (HPS) do Iraq’s State Company of Oil Projects’ (SCOP) Karbala refinery can increase production of fuel and other products that will help offset the more than 350,000 barrels per day of refined products the country imports.
“The Honeywell solution combines UOP’s deep process knowledge with HPS’s expertise in plant automation to make the refinery run at the top of its capability,” said Mike Millard, vice president and general manager of Honeywell UOP’s process technology and equipment business. “The integration of process technology with controls enables the Karbala refinery to make more gasoline, diesel, fuel oil, jet fuel, liquefied petroleum gas and asphalt, and make it more efficiently.”
These technologies should also help meet growing domestic demand with products meeting international standards equivalent to Euro V fuel standards. Start-up of the 140,000 barrel-per-day refinery is expected in 2020.
“Honeywell has a great track record of successful projects implemented in Iraq,” said Pieter Krynauw, vice president and general manager of HPS’s projects and automation services business. “When we combine UOP process technology with the HPS automation and controls, refineries will be able to reach peak performance faster and lower the total cost of ownership while getting the best return of investment for the project lifecycle.”
At the heart of the technologies licensed for the Karbala refinery are integrated control and safety systems that aim to unify people with process, business requirements and asset management by enabling integration of all process control and safety systems and automation software under a single architecture. Training simulators will let the site better plan, deploy and manage a structured programme for operator competency.
Process improvements include an upgrade to light naphtha feedstock to produce isomerate, a cleaner gasoline blend-stock that does not contain benzene, aromatics or olefins. There are also processes to convert heavy feedstocks recovered from other refinery operations into high-octane gasoline and convert low-quality naphtha to high-octane blending components for gasoline.
Other processes aim to improve the quality of distillate boiling-range feedstocks to help meet tougher product specifications and to help meet stringent waste gas specifications.
The safety manager process will integrate process safety data, applications, system diagnostics and critical control strategies, and execute defined safety applications in a fully redundant architecture. Fire and gas safety systems include SIL3 certified safety systems connected to fire detectors, fire alarm panels, fire suppression systems, gas detectors, sounders and beacons to reduce the impact of any abnormal situations.